There are endless terms and acronyms for the many types of medical imaging information systems currently available, from CIS, HIS, EMR, and EHR to RIS, DICOM, PACS, and cloud PACS system. Having professional jargon in any field often results in terms getting mixed up, conflated, or misused, especially in day-to-day communication. Technology-driven fields such as medical imaging are especially susceptible to these problems. How are HIS, CIS, and RIS different? PACS without DICOM is possible, but vice versa? What are the similarities and differences between cloud PACS and regular PACS?
The latest medical imaging technology is a must for any clinical setting, whether it’s a tertiary referral hospital or a private practice. Therefore, it is crucial to stay up to date on the latest innovations in this field along with the mushrooming terms used to describe them.
How does the PACS system work?
PACS, or Picture Archiving and Communications System, is a kind of medical imaging technology that has been developed to overcome the limitations of traditional film-based images. In addition to a greater storage capacity and faster file retrieval, it allows for access to images from multiple sources and different modalities. In addition to improving workflow efficiency, this has also enhanced the diagnostic process.
A PACS system has made it easier for departments within health centers to share patient images and data since it was developed in the 80s.
The PACS system acquires images from the medical imaging devices-such as CT, MRI, ultrasound, or radiography-and converts them into the DICOM format before moving them to computers where they can be viewed. Furthermore, it is often integrated with extra features that improve workflow management, reporting, 3D reconstruction, and peer review.
A standard PACS typically includes the following components:
· medical imaging including CT and MRI, nuclear medicine and ultrasound.
· Archiving of images and data relating to medical care.
· Seeing and analyzing medical images at display stations
· that are connected by a computer network
Is one of the differences between PACS and DICOM
because they are so closely related. DICOM is the transmission protocol that converts medical images and related data into the PACS system, which connects the various hardware and software components. PACS is a system for acquiring, storing, and reviewing medical images, whereas DICOM is the protocol and format that these files will use.
DICOM is the underlying communication protocol and the format used to convert all of the files used in the process of acquiring, storing, and analyzing medical images and data.
Basically, PACS is a way of storing, exchanging, and viewing medical records, while DICOM is like a language for enabling the exchange of such data regardless of the type of system-whether it is a PACS, RIS, or EHR system. Therefore, most medical software is DICOM-compatible, meaning that information can be shared with different devices within the same system without any problems.
Why cloud-based PACS will revolutionize healthcare
The focus of cloud-based PACS is the same as that of regular PACS, but with one vital difference: cloud-based servers are used to store and provide features. The cloud PACS provider actually hosts and maintains data for you on behalf of a third party. Medical imaging data is stored in the DICOM cloud and accessed from anywhere via the internet, ensuring its security.