In 2019 alone, about 11.4 million U.S. workers had jobs in construction. That’s an increase of 25% since 2011.
Whether you’re an employee or the owner of a construction business, you might wonder what the most common cranes for construction are. While it might feel overwhelming at times to try to pick out the right crane, it doesn’t have to be! Check out this guide on the most popular cranes found at construction sites today.
- Floating Crane
One of the most common construction project cranes is a floating option. It’s also known as a crane vessel and crane ship.
You’ll often find it used for load lifting and offshore construction. Floating cranes can also raise sunken boats, and unload and load ships. Since they’re fixed, you can’t rotate them, but their weight load is about 9,000 tons.
- Tower Crane
Self Erecting Tower Cranes are often used for lifting and building larger buildings. Due to their size, they have an operating cab that’ll control the entire crane.
Since it’s supported by a concrete base, it extends horizontally from the mast. There’s also an operational dolly that can transport items.
They can be built with the building and expanded alongside it. Once it’s complete, the process can be reversed.
They’re crucial for larger buildings since they have a tall height. Tower cranes can also carry extensive materials as well.
- Aerial Cranes
Another name for aerial cranes is a flying crane. They’re helicopters that are used to lift cargo in areas that aren’t accessible by land. It can include remote locations or skyscraper rooftops.
- Crawler Cranes
Crawler cranes are different from other forms of cranes. They’re used to transport large loads to construction sites.
Instead of wheels, they have rubber tracks. Keep in mind that their turning capacity is limited due to this. It can work on soft soils without sinking though.
Some have telescopic arms that’ll contract or expand in size. They’re adaptable to many different types of terrain. Due to being larger, they’re great for long-term projects.
- Telescopic Cranes
Telescopic cranes are an overarching option. They’re defined by their telescoping arm.
Telescopic arms are retractable and offer you superior versatility. They can be used for everyday hauling. You’ll often find them in shipping ports to load and unload cargo.
- Truck Mounted Crane
Truck-mounted cranes are similar to mobile cranes. They’re highlighted by their mobility. The good news is that they can be installed onto trucks.
A common example of a trucked-mounted crane is a tow truck. It’s often used to relocate different materials or vehicles. It has a capacity of 2-15 tons.
- Overhead Cranes
Overhead cranes are used for assembly and manufacturing plants. It has a hoisting mechanism that’s attached to an overhead bridge and travels up and down fixed tracks. It’s often used for bringing heavy materials from one side of the building to another.
- Mobile Crane
They can be mounted onto tires or crawlers and have higher mobility than traditional options. You might be able to drive them on the highway as well. Since they have the ability to carry large amounts and get around job sites, they tend to be a popular choice.
- Bulk-Handling Crane
Bulk-handling cranes can carry heavier items such as minerals and coal. Bulk-handling cranes have a specialized hook that has a grabbing mechanism. This is instead of the traditional hook at the end.
- Stacker Crane
These automated machines have a forklift-like mechanism. They’re often used for warehouse storage. Stacker cranes are often used in colder temperatures in order to have the worker avoid these extreme conditions.
- Hammerhead Crane
Hammerhead cranes are one of the most common construction cranes. It has a swiveling and horizontal lever that’s on a fixed tower. The trolley is in the forward part of the arm and is counterbalanced with this part of the arm.
There’s also the feature of racking which allows it to move forward and backward along the crane arm. They’re assembled on the job site and are a heavier option.
- Jib Crane
Another type of bridge crane is the jib crane. They’re permanently placed at a workstation and are great for repetitive tasks.
The arm or jib is mounted on a floor-mounted pillarr or on a wall. In order to have more movement, it might have a moveable hoist.
- Harbor Cranes
These movable cranes are normally used for loading and unloading ships in ports. Since it’s a versatile crane, you can use it in several locations. The benefit of a harbor crane is that it has potent materials in order to allow you to move items safely from one location to another.
How To Choose the Right Crane
Once you have a crane operator and abide by all of the rules for the different cranes, you’ll need to decide on the right type of crane. You might want to buy the largest crane, but that might not be the right option for the job.
First, take a look at the size of the overall project. Next, figure out the project’s terrain, the weight of the materials, and the weather of the location. You’ll also want to think about the length of the project since some cranes are better for long-term projects than others.
Deciding on the Best Cranes for Construction
After exploring this guide, you should have a better idea of the best cranes for construction out there. Take your time determining what crane will work best where you are.
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